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المسجد الاقصى Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa
علي بن أﺑﻲ طالب Imam ‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib
'Uzair (Nehemiah ben Hushiel)
سلمان الفارسي Salman Farisi (Shallum ben Hushiel)
سُوۡرَةُ البَقَرَة
وَلِكُلٍّ۬ وِجۡهَةٌ هُوَ مُوَلِّيہَا‌ۖ فَٱسۡتَبِقُواْ ٱلۡخَيۡرَٲتِ‌ۚ أَيۡنَ مَا تَكُونُواْ يَأۡتِ بِكُمُ ٱللَّهُ جَمِيعًا‌ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَىۡءٍ۬ قَدِيرٌ۬ ١٤٨

2.148 To each is a goal to which Allah turns him; then strive together (as in a race) Towards all that is good. Wheresoever ye are, Allah will bring you Together. For Allah Hath power over all things.

سُوۡرَةُ آل عِمرَان
يُؤۡمِنُونَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأَخِرِ وَيَأۡمُرُونَ بِٱلۡمَعۡرُوفِ وَيَنۡهَوۡنَ عَنِ ٱلۡمُنكَرِ وَيُسَـٰرِعُونَ فِى ٱلۡخَيۡرَٲتِ وَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ مِنَ ٱلصَّـٰلِحِينَ ١١٤

3.114 They believe in Allah and the last day, and they enjoin what is right and forbid the wrong and they strive with one another in hastening to good deeds, and those are among the good.

سُوۡرَةُ یُونس
فَإِن كُنتَ فِى شَكٍّ۬ مِّمَّآ أَنزَلۡنَآ إِلَيۡكَ فَسۡـَٔلِ ٱلَّذِينَ يَقۡرَءُونَ ٱلۡڪِتَـٰبَ مِن قَبۡلِكَ‌ۚ لَقَدۡ جَآءَكَ ٱلۡحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكَ فَلَا تَكُونَنَّ مِنَ ٱلۡمُمۡتَرِينَ ٩٤

10.94 But if you are in doubt as to what We have revealed to you, ask those who read the Book before you; certainly the truth has come to you from your Lord, therefore you should not be of the disputers.


Mission Statement

As-salamu 'alaykum wa rahmat-Ullah wa barakatuH

The Alsadiqin Institute is an association of Muslim and Rabbinic scholars of history and jurisprudence. The institute is committed to promoting research among our scholars, and making the fruits of that research available in simple terms, accessible to the general public through books, booklets, seminars and conferences, open to the general public.

The emphasis of our research is historical rather than theological, although conducted by deeply religious scholars. The focus is to faithfully connect traditional religious narrative to a more inclusive, broader, historical framework. The goal is to apply this deeper understanding in the field of modern jurisprudence and human relations.

As a community service, the Institute publishes a series in news outlets entitled, “Giving Voice to Muslims who Seek Peace” in order to raise awareness in of the peaceful nature of Islam; engages in public speaking and diplomacy; and hosts vibrant discussions on social media.

The institute is firstly a religious organization. Insha'Allah, it strives to conform in every way to sharia and accepted convention. It is bound to operate within the general precepts of Ahlu-s-Sunnah wa-l-Jama'ah, the four Madhabs and Jafari fiqh, and Halachah va-Minhag Avosenu. The institute does not support mixing of religious practices or concepts. It encourages traditional religious education, and cooperation between faith communities "as if in a race for virtue."

The visitors to Al-Sadiqin's website include both Muslims and Jews looking for a more authentic conceptual framework to understand the history of Islam and the Banu Israel: one that doesn't presume a fundamental, eternal opposition between them.

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See our grant proposal: Grant Proposal 2024

Alsadiqin Institute

Founder Rabbi Ben Abrahamson uses a historiographical approach in his work, with a focus on the identities of the Jews, Christians and proto-Muslims in Arabia at the time of Islam's inception, and how they related to each other. This work is continued by the Institute.

The Al Sadiqin Institute, Introduction 2022


Al Sadiqin provides expert witnesses concerning Halachic and Shari'ah law to religious courts. This includes the interaction of these legal systems with each other, and their interaction with civil law. This also includes the relationship of religious and civil law from an historical perspective.

  • Al Sadiqin advocates for Islam and Muslims to be recognized and achieve their proper, respected place in Jewish law as Noahides.
  • Al Sadiqin advocates for symmetric jurisprudence for Jews and Christians under Islamic law.
  • Al Sadiqin seeks to educate jurists and the public in general about ways in which Islamic and Jewish law can co-exist with civil law and secular society.

Al Sadiqin is participating in laying the groundwork necessary to create a Joint Interconnected Religious Court to fulfill the model of Ṣaḥīfat al-Madīnah (the Constitution of Medina). It draws from the rich heritage and broad experience of the Ottoman millet system. The JIRC is seen as the first step in creating an regional Ummah Wahida (Islamic Union).

Although Al Sadiqin's work with courts is only one facet of the Institute, the goal of providing accurate, binding and sourced material, leaving out religious rhetoric and theological debate, is something that guides all the research done at the Institute.

Global ethics

Al Sadiqin actively participates in Religious Diplomacy in areas of conflict in the Middle East, the European Union and Africa.

The institute offers an intellectual framework that can assist in conflict resolution in line with Islamic and Judaic values. Islamic Deen, seen as the equivalent of Rabbinic Noahism, is offered as an alternative to humanism and relativism as foundation for peace.

The institute sees as essential that conflict resolution take place in line with cherished classic and scriptural values that Muslims and Jews hold dear. Otherwise, agreements imposed from without will be resented by local populations, deemed as imperialistic, quasi-colonial interference. Peace agreements, both large scale and small, that organically grow out of our scriptures and shared national heritage are truly the key to lasting peace.

AlSadiqin Press

Al Sadiqin is committed to providing the finest quality publications for the scholar and layperson alike.

Divine Diversity: An Orthodox Rabbi Engages with Muslims Yosef Dhu Nuwas: A Sadducean King with Sidelocks: From Tobiah and the beginnings of pre-Christianity, to Tubba’ and the beginnings of Islam The Persian compared with the Islamic conquest of Jerusalem: Its Messianic nature and the role of the Jewish Exilarch Divine Cycles: The Islamic Jewish Calendar: How the Pilgrimage of the 9th of Av became the Hajj of the 9th of Dhu’al-Hijjah The Noble Qur'an: a word for word interlinear translation: based on The Qur'an Arabic Corpus by Kais Dukes Israel and Humanity: Study on the Problem of Universal Religion and its Solution: Three Parts Israel et L'Humanite: Etude Sur Le Probleme De La Religion Universelle Et Sa Solution: Trois parties Dhu Al-Qarnayn The Great: Between Cyrus and Alexander Traces of Stories in the Qur'an and Historiography Bias against Judaism in Contemporary Writings: Recognition & Apology Bias against Judaism in Contemporary Writings: Recognition & Apology Criticism of the text نقد نص العهد الجديد : نشأته وتطوره وأثره على نص الأناجيل‬ Jewish Christianity النسخة الأصلية للمسيحية: دراسة تاريخية مقارنة The Impact of Arius أثر خلاف آريوس على نص العهد الجديد‬ The Positive Role of Minorities الأقلية اليهودية في مصر قديما وحديثا: اعتراف واعتذار Attitude Towards Judaism الموقف من اليهودية: بين السلف والخلف‬ Religion in the light of the Holy Books الدين في ضوء الكتب المقدسة: دراسة مقارنة في التوراة والإنجيل والقرآن The Persian compared with the Islamic conquest of Jerusalemمقایسه فتح اورشلیم توسط ایرانیان با فتح مسلمانان: ماهیت موعودگرایانه فتح و نقش اگزیلارچ


  • Ben Abrahamson - Director and Founder. Rabbi Ben Abrahamson is Rabbinical Historian and Director of Al Sadiqin Institute;
    Speakers Cornerنقاش مع حاخام! عدنان و الحاخام بين أبراهامسون في زاوية المتحدثين، الهايد بارك Promoting the Culture of Peace and Global Ethics for Conflict Mediation through Cultural Diplomacy: A Lecture by Rabbi Ben Abrahamson Extracts from the Wales Interfaith Conference 2019 - Jewish Perspectives on Faith and Citizenship

Community Forum

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Learning Resources

Ben Abrahamson's Notes

Recent Additions to the Library

Primary Sources

  • al-Qurʾān - the Message verbally revealed by Allah SWT to Muhammad (pbuh) through the angel Gabriel (Jibril)
  • Tafsīr - Islamic exegesis. Quran is the word of Allah SWT, therefore, in order to understand it in the true sense, a person has to sharpen his or her intellectual ability as well as increase the knowledge, this is done through the Tafsir.
  • Haddith - Reports describing the words, actions, or habits of the Prophet (pbuh). Meaning a "report", "account" or "narrative". Hadith are second only to the Quran in developing Islamic jurisprudence, and regarded as important tools for understanding the Quran and commentaries (tafsir) written on it.
  • Al-sīra al-Nabawiyya - the various traditional Muslim biographies of Muhammad from which, in addition to the Quran and trustable Hadiths, most historical information about his life and the early period of Islam is derived.
  • Fiqh - Islamic jurisprudence, the human understanding of the Sharia expanded and developed by interpretation (ijtihad) of the Quran and Sunnah by Islamic jurists (Ulama) and implemented by the rulings (Fatwa) of jurists on questions presented to them.


The major madhabs

Some regions have a dominant or official madhhab; others recognize a variety.

In the modern era, w:Sadiq al-Mahdi, the former Prime Minister of Sudan, defined the recognized schools of Muslim jurisprudence as eight specific schools. The Amman Message, a three-point ruling issued by 200 Islamic scholars from over 50 countries, officially recognizes those eight legal schools of thought.

Madhab schools of jurisprudence are each named after the classical jurist who taught them. The four primary Sunni schools are the w:Hanafi, w:Shafi'i, w:Maliki and w:Hanbali rites. The w:Zahiri school remains in existence but outside of the mainstream, while the w:Jariri, w:Laythi, w:Awza'i and w:Thawri have become extinct.

The extant schools share most of their rulings, but differ on the particular practices which they may accept as authentic and the varying weights they give to Qiyas (analogical) reason and pure reason.

The schools of law

Individual leaders, sorted by years of activity

Major Islamic groups

See also

  • Series on Islam
  • History of Islam. An excellent series of introductory articles
  • A Brief Guide to Understanding Islam: A brief illustrated Web site for non-Muslims who would like to understand Islam, Muslims, and the Holy Quran. This guide is simple to read, yet it is rich in information and references.
  • Books on Islam and Muslims: HilalPlaza offers elegant Islamic Clothing and Islamic Shopping that includes Muslim and modest clothing for men, women and children and Islamic Books.

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