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Islamic and Jewish formal prayers

 
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abrahamson



Joined: 01 Mar 2009
Posts: 19

PostPosted: Wed Jun 03, 2009 11:09 am    Post subject: Islamic and Jewish formal prayers Reply with quote

ركعة‎ rakaʿah (pl. ركعات rakaʿāt) refers to one unit of Islamic prayer, or Salah. Each daily prayer is made up of a different number of raka'at:

* Fajr The dawn prayer: 2 raka'at
* Shuhar The noon prayer: 4 raka'at
* Asr The afternoon prayer: 4 raka'at
* Maghrib The sunset prayer: 3 raka'at
* Isha'a The night prayer: 4 raka'at

The source of five prayers (as opposed to three) goes back to a disagreement in the Talmud. Rabbinic Jews connect "geulah" with "tefillah", meaning that the Shema prayer is said immediately preceding the Shemonah Esreh prayer. Arabian Jews under Sadducean (literalist) influences felt otherwise. The Shema prayer was commanded to be said when a person is actually rising and going to sleep. This instead of three prayers, they had five.

* Netz The rising shema prayer
* Shacharit The morning prayer
* Ashrei The afternoon prayer
* Maariv The evening prayer
* Shema The bedtime shema prayer

Abu Isa following mystical custom included two more prayers. Chatzot HaLailah and Chatzot HaYom, midnight and midday prayers for a total of seven prayers. Even today there are Jews who follow this custom during the three weeks.
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Husada



Joined: 01 Nov 2010
Posts: 1

PostPosted: Mon Nov 01, 2010 2:16 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I like this info, can you describe to me about jewish prayer? Is it like Islamic prayer?
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abrahamson



Joined: 01 Mar 2009
Posts: 19

PostPosted: Mon Nov 01, 2010 3:15 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Salaam

There is a more information here
http://www.alsadiqin.org/en/index.php?title=Prayer_Positions

Basically the framework of Islamic prayer and Jewish prayer are both based on the format of prayer in the Temple in Jerusalem.

Jewish prayer has added many additional prayers over time, and takes about five times longer to recite.

Best wishes
Ben Abrahamson
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Nazzam



Joined: 08 Feb 2014
Posts: 9

PostPosted: Sat Feb 08, 2014 8:20 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Khatsot ha-laylah could be tahajjud in 17:79:

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Nazzam



Joined: 08 Feb 2014
Posts: 9

PostPosted: Sat Feb 08, 2014 8:22 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Also, the qur'an explicitly refers to 3 prayers:

11:114



The other 2 prayers must have been innovations.
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