المسجد الاقصى Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa
علي بن أﺑﻲ طالب Imam ‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib
'Uzair (Nehemiah ben Hushiel)
سلمان الفارسي Salman Farisi (Shallum ben Hushiel)
وَلِكُلٍّ۬ وِجۡهَةٌ هُوَ مُوَلِّيہَاۖ فَٱسۡتَبِقُواْ ٱلۡخَيۡرَٲتِۚ أَيۡنَ مَا تَكُونُواْ يَأۡتِ بِكُمُ ٱللَّهُ جَمِيعًاۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَىۡءٍ۬ قَدِيرٌ۬ ١٤٨
2.148 To each is a goal to which Allah turns him; then strive together (as in a race) Towards all that is good. Wheresoever ye are, Allah will bring you Together. For Allah Hath power over all things.
سُوۡرَةُ آل عِمرَان
يُؤۡمِنُونَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأَخِرِ وَيَأۡمُرُونَ بِٱلۡمَعۡرُوفِ وَيَنۡهَوۡنَ عَنِ ٱلۡمُنكَرِ وَيُسَـٰرِعُونَ فِى ٱلۡخَيۡرَٲتِ وَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ مِنَ ٱلصَّـٰلِحِينَ ١١٤
3.114 They believe in Allah and the last day, and they enjoin what is right and forbid the wrong and they strive with one another in hastening to good deeds, and those are among the good.
فَإِن كُنتَ فِى شَكٍّ۬ مِّمَّآ أَنزَلۡنَآ إِلَيۡكَ فَسۡـَٔلِ ٱلَّذِينَ يَقۡرَءُونَ ٱلۡڪِتَـٰبَ مِن قَبۡلِكَۚ لَقَدۡ جَآءَكَ ٱلۡحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكَ فَلَا تَكُونَنَّ مِنَ ٱلۡمُمۡتَرِينَ ٩٤
10.94 But if you are in doubt as to what We have revealed to you, ask those who read the Book before you; certainly the truth has come to you from your Lord, therefore you should not be of the disputers.
The Al-Sadiqin Institute is an association of Muslim and Rabbinic scholars of History and Jurisprudence. It research into the common shared heritage of Islam and Judaism. It endeavors to explore that relationship in great detail and from every angle. The institute is committed to making its research available in simple terms, accessible to the general public. It publishes books, booklets, and sponsors seminars and conferences open to the general public.
The institute is firstly a religious organization. Insha'Allah, it strives to conform in every way to sharia and accepted convention. It is bound to operate within the general precepts of Ahlu-s-Sunnah wa-l-Jama'ah, the four Madhabs and Jafari fiqh, and Halachah va-Minhag Avosenu. The institute is opposed to "interfaith" and any mixing of religious practices or concepts. It encourages traditional religious education, and cooperation between faith communities "as if in a race for virtue."
The visitors to Al-Sadiqin's website include both Muslims and Jews looking for a more authentic conceptual framework to understand the history of Islam and the Banu Israel: One that doesn't presume a fundamental, eternal opposition between them.
Al Sadiqin provides expert witnesses concerning Halachic and Shari'ah law to religious courts. This includes the interaction of these legal systems with each other, and their interaction with civil law. This also includes the relationship of religious and civil law from an historical perspective.
- Al Sadiqin advocates for Islam and Muslims to be recognized and achieve their proper, respected place in Jewish law as Noahides.
- Al Sadiqin advocates for symetric jurisprudence for Jews and Christians under Islamic law.
- Al Sadiqin seeks to educate jurists and the public in general about ways in which Islamic and Jewish law can co-exist with civil law and secular society.
Al Sadiqin is participating in laying the groundwork necessary to create a Joint Interconnected Religious Court to fulfill the model of Ṣaḥīfat al-Madīnah (the Constitution of Medina). It draws from the rich heritage and broad experience of the Ottoman millet system. The JIRC is seen as the first step in creating an regional Ummah Wahida (Islamic Union).
Although Al Sadiqin's work with courts is only one facet of the Institute, the goal of providing accurate, binding and sourced material, leaving out religious rhetoric and theological debate, is something that guides all the research done at the Institute.
Founder Rabbi Ben Abrahamson uses a historiographical approach in his work, with a focus on the identities of the Jews, Christians and proto-Muslims in Arabia at the time of Islam's inception, and how they related to each other. This work is continued by the Institute.
Al Sadiqin actively participates in Religious Diplomacy in areas of conflict in the Middle East, the European Union and Africa.
The institute offers an intellectual framework that can assist in conflict resolution in line with Islamic and Judaic values. Islamic Deen, seen as the equivelent of Rabbinic Noahism, is offered as an alternative to humanism and relativism as foundation for peace.
The institute sees as essential that conflict resolution take place in line with cherished classic and scriptural values that Muslims and Jews hold dear. Otherwise, agreements imposed from without will be resented by local populations, deemed as imperialistic, quasi-colonial interference. Peace agreements, both large scale and small, that organically grow out of our scriptures and shared national heritage are truly the key to lasting peace.
- Ben Abrahamson - Director and Founder. Rabbi Ben Abrahamson is Rabbinical Historian and founded Al Sadiqin to provide consultants for religious courts;
Al Sadiqin is committed to providing the finest quality publications for the scholar and layman alike.
- Discussion Forum The online community of Al-Sadiqin. Questions and discussions about the common shared heritage of Islam and Judaism. (Both Arabic and English)
Recent Additions to the Library
- al-Qurʾān - the Message verbally revealed by Allah SWT to Muhammad (pbuh) through the angel Gabriel (Jibril)
- Tafsīr - Islamic exegesis. Quran is the word of Allah SWT, therefore, in order to understand it in the true sense, a person has to sharpen his or her intellectual ability as well as increase the knowledge, this is done through the Tafsir.
- Haddith - Reports describing the words, actions, or habits of the Prophet (pbuh). Meaning a "report", "account" or "narrative". Hadith are second only to the Quran in developing Islamic jurisprudence, and regarded as important tools for understanding the Quran and commentaries (tafsir) written on it.
- Al-sīra al-Nabawiyya - the various traditional Muslim biographies of Muhammad from which, in addition to the Quran and trustable Hadiths, most historical information about his life and the early period of Islam is derived.
- Fiqh - Islamic jurisprudence, the human understanding of the Sharia expanded and developed by interpretation (ijtihad) of the Quran and Sunnah by Islamic jurists (Ulama) and implemented by the rulings (Fatwa) of jurists on questions presented to them.
The major madhabs
Some regions have a dominant or official madhhab
; others recognize a variety.
In the modern era, w:Sadiq al-Mahdi, the former Prime Minister of Sudan, defined the recognized schools of Muslim jurisprudence as eight specific schools. The Amman Message, a three-point ruling issued by 200 Islamic scholars from over 50 countries, officially recognizes those eight legal schools of thought.
- The w:Hanafi school was founded by w:Abu Hanifa an-Nu‘man. It is followed by Muslims in the Levant, Central Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Western Lower Egypt, Iraq, Turkey, the Balkans and by most of Russia's Muslim community. There are movements within this school such as w:Barelvis and w:Deobandi, which are concentrated in South Asia.
- The w:Maliki school was founded by w:Malik ibn Anas. It is followed by Muslims in North Africa, West Africa, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, in parts of Saudi Arabia and in Upper Egypt. The w:Murabitun World Movement follows this school as well. In the past, it was also followed in parts of Europe under Islamic rule, particularly Islamic Spain and the w:Emirate of Sicily.
- The w:Shafi'i school was founded by w:Muhammad ibn Idris ash-Shafi'i. It is followed by Muslims in Saudi Arabia, Eastern Lower Egypt, Indonesia, Jordan, Palestine, the Philippines, Singapore, Somalia, Thailand, Yemen, Kurdistan, and the w:Mappilas of w:Kerala and w:Konkani Muslims of India. It is the official school followed by the governments of Brunei and Malaysia.
- The w:Hanbali school was founded by w:Ahmad ibn Hanbal. It is followed by Muslims in Qatar, most of Saudi Arabia and minority communities in Syria and Iraq. The majority of the w:Salafist movement claims to follow this school.
- Ja`fari (inc. w:Mustaali-w:Taiyabi Ismaili) (w:Shia)
- w:Zaidiyyah (Shia)
- The w:Zahiri school was founded by w:Dawud al-Zahiri. It is followed by minority communities in Morocco and Pakistan. In the past, it was also followed by the majority of Muslims in Mesopotamia, Portugal, the Balearic Islands, North Africa and parts of Spain.
Madhab schools of jurisprudence are each named after the classical jurist who taught them. The four primary Sunni schools are the w:Hanafi, w:Shafi'i, w:Maliki and w:Hanbali rites. The w:Zahiri school remains in existence but outside of the mainstream, while the w:Jariri, w:Laythi, w:Awza'i and w:Thawri have become extinct.
The extant schools share most of their rulings, but differ on the particular practices which they may accept as authentic and the varying weights they give to Qiyas (analogical) reason and pure reason.
The schools of law
Individual leaders, sorted by years of activity
Major Islamic groups
- Series on Islam
- History of Islam. An excellent series of introductory articles
- A Brief Guide to Understanding Islam: A brief illustrated Web site for non-Muslims who would like to understand Islam, Muslims, and the Holy Quran. This guide is simple to read, yet it is rich in information and references.
- Books on Islam and Muslims: HilalPlaza offers elegant Islamic Clothing and Islamic Shopping that includes Muslim and modest clothing for men, women and children and Islamic Books.